精品推荐:清代铜镜

时间:2021-01-11 23:03:06

来源:网络

【藏品名称】:清代铜镜

【藏品类别】:铜器

【藏品数量】:一件

【藏品起拍价】:19万

铜镜是中国古代青铜艺术中的灿烂瑰宝,中国铜镜素以“装饰繁缛、制作精美”著称于世。各朝各代对铜镜艺术均有创造,或古朴、或灵巧、华丽、或素雅,制作工艺更是各有千秋。,铜镜以天地方为形,天圆在中国古代是丰满、完整、吉祥、美好、富足的象征,在汉语中团圆、圆满是祥和的词语。因此,圆形镜一直是铜镜的重要形式。

The bronze mirror is a splendid treasure in ancient Chinese bronze art. It is famous for its complicated decoration and exquisite production. The bronze mirror art was created in different dynasties, either simple, smart, gorgeous, or elegant, and the production technology has its own advantages. In ancient China, the round sky is a symbol of fullness, integrity, auspiciousness, beauty and abundance. In Chinese, reunion and completeness are auspicious words. Therefore, the circular mirror has always been an important form of copper mirror.

铜镜形状有圆形、长方形、正方形、菱形、葵花形、盾形、瓶形、钟形、桃子形等。纹饰则各具时代特征:殷商时期多用叶脉纹、平行线纹、多圈凸弦纹等;西周时期多用重环纹、鸟兽纹等;春秋战国时期多用山字纹、凤鸟纹、蟠螭纹等;汉代除继续沿用战国镜纹饰外,最流行的纹饰有规矩纹(博局纹)、草叶纹、星云纹、连弧铭文纹、蝙蝠形柿蒂连弧纹等;三国两晋南北朝时期则多用兽纹、变形四叶纹、瑞兽纹等;隋唐时期多用瑞兽纹、四神纹、花鸟纹、宝相花纹、海兽葡萄纹、十二生肖像纹等;五代以来由于政局变化,铜镜铸造也有明显的时代差异和独特的民族风格。

The bronze mirrors are round, rectangular, square, diamond, sunflower, shield, bottle, bell, peach, etc. The patterns have their own characteristics: in the Yin and Shang Dynasties, veins, parallel lines, and multiple circles of convex strings were used; in the Western Zhou Dynasty, heavy rings, birds and animals were used; in the spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, mountain characters, phoenix patterns, and flat patterns were used; in the Han Dynasty, in addition to the Warring States mirror patterns, the most popular patterns were regular patterns (local patterns), grass leaves patterns, nebulae patterns, even arc inscriptions, and bat shaped persimmons Tilian arc pattern, etc.; in the Three Kingdoms, two Jin and southern and Northern Dynasties, animal pattern, deformed four leaf pattern, auspicious animal pattern, etc.; in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, auspicious animal pattern, four God pattern, flower and bird pattern, Baoxiang pattern, sea animal grape pattern, twelve zodiac image pattern, etc.; since the Five Dynasties, due to political changes, bronze mirror casting also has obvious era differences and unique national style.

铜镜,大体分为镜面,即镜的正面,光亮可以照面;镜背,上面多铸有各种纹饰和铭文;镜钮,即在镜背中央,有孔可以系绳,可用手持或系在镜台上;钮座,即钮的周围,紧连钮的装饰部分。另外还分内区、中区、外区,即指镜背配置纹饰的各部分;铭带,即指铸有铭文的部分,镜铭即指镜背上所铸的铭文。而到了明清时期,铜镜逐渐以花纹、神兽为纹饰,而铭文铜镜则逐渐消失。

Bronze mirrors are generally divided into mirror surfaces, that is, the front of the mirror, on which light can shine; the back of the Mirror, on which various decorations and inscriptions are cast; mirror knobs, that is, in the middle of the back of the mirror, with holes for tying ropes, which can be held in the hand or tied to the platform of the Mirror; button seats, that is, around the buttons, the decorative part of a fastener. In addition, it is divided into inner, Middle and outer areas, that is, the parts with decorative patterns on the back of the Mirror;. By the Ming and Qing dynasties, bronze mirrors were gradually decorated with patterns and sacred animals, while bronze mirrors in inscriptions gradually disappeared.

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