精品推荐:道光通宝,乾隆通宝一组

时间:2022-04-13 09:39:40

来源:网络

【藏品名称】:乾隆通宝—道光通宝

[collection name]: Qianlong Tongbao—Daoguang Tongbao

【藏品数量】:一组两枚

[quantity of collection]: two pieces in a group

【藏品简介】:古钱币收藏市场上,随着人们的收藏意识越来越强,一些具有收藏潜力的古钱币品种也随之成为热点。清朝钱币众多年号钱中,有一些以前不怎么引人注意的,如今逐渐受到关注。清朝钱币道光通宝市场行情持续上涨,如今成为收藏爱好者追捧的对象。道光通宝,咸丰重宝传世多余出土,鲜亮的色彩也使得其出类拔萃于同类当中。现在市场中,道光通宝是收藏者和投资者都追捧的对象,纵然价格不菲,但是并没有挡住众人收藏的热情,行情非常火爆,成为钱币交易市场上的一个持续的热点。

[collection introduction]: in the ancient coin collection market, with people's increasing awareness of collection, some ancient coin varieties with collection potential have also become hot spots. Among the numerous year coins of the Qing Dynasty, some of which were not very noticeable before have gradually attracted attention. The market of Daoguang Tongbao coins in the Qing Dynasty continued to rise, and now it has become the object of collection lovers. Daoguang Tongbao and Xianfeng chongbao are handed down from generation to generation. They are surplus unearthed, and their bright colors also make them outstanding among their peers. Now in the market, Daoguang Tongbao is sought after by collectors and investors. Although the price is expensive, it does not block the enthusiasm of people for collection. The market is very hot and has become a continuous hot spot in the coin trading market.   

  

             

雍正十三年(1735年),清高宗即位,改元乾隆。铸行“乾隆通宝”,要求仍重一钱二分,该钱书法铸工都比雍正时更为精美。最初清政府仍继续执行通货紧缩的政策。钱局较雍正时有所增减,首先在乾隆四年,停了宝河、宝巩、宝济三局,于乾隆五年时开宝福局,七年开宝桂局,十年开宝直局。乾隆朝以前的制钱不加锡,以铜、铅、锌配制,称之为“黄钱”,在乾隆五年规定在铸钱铜料之中加百分之二的锡,称为“青钱”。官方说是为杜绝私钱,实则无异于减重。“乾隆四十年时,私铸情况日盛,各省官员出现盗铸,政府对此无计可施,加上云南铜产量逐年递减,导致铜价飞涨,铸钱成本也随之水涨船高。清政府继而又采取了通货紧缩政策,先后停铸了宝直、大理、广西、临安等局,同时鼓励商人从海外进口铜材。但是这些措施未能从根本上解决问题,私铸虽有所减少,但官钱不见增加,民间交易缺钱,就出现了使用古钱的现象。到了乾隆五十年后,又相继开了宝直等局,同时放宽了铸钱的标准,所以导致乾隆后期制钱的质量参差不齐,大不如初的情况。此外在乾隆朝时期在新疆出了“乾隆通宝”红钱(也做普尔钱,“普尔”维语即钱的意思),是以新疆产铜为原料,在新疆地区铸行的,此后各朝均有铸行。 

In the thirteenth year of Yongzheng (1735), Emperor Gaozong ascended the throne and changed to Qianlong. Casting line "Qianlong Tongbao", the requirement is still heavy one money two, the money calligraphy foundry is more exquisite than Yongzheng. At first the Qing government continued to carry out the policy of deflation. Compared with the reign of Emperor Yongzheng, the money bureaus increased and decreased. First, baohe, Baogong and Baoji bureaus were closed in the fourth year of Emperor Qianlong's reign. In the fifth year of Emperor Qianlong's reign, baofu Bureau was opened, Baogui Bureau was opened in seven years, and Baozhi Bureau was opened in ten years. Before the Qianlong Dynasty, coins were made of copper, lead and zinc without tin, which was called "yellow coins". In the fifth year of the Reign of Emperor Qianlong, 2% tin was added to the copper material for casting coins, which was called "green coins". Officially, it is to eliminate illicit money, but actually it is to lose weight. "In the 40th year of Qianlong, the situation of private casting was increasing, and provincial officials appeared to steal casting. The government had nothing to do about it, and the copper output in Yunnan was decreasing year by year, leading to the soaring copper price and the rising cost of casting money. The Qing government then adopted a deflationary policy, and stopped casting baozhi, Dali, Guangxi, Lin 'an and other bureaus successively. Meanwhile, merchants were encouraged to import copper materials from overseas. However, these measures failed to fundamentally solve the problem. Although private coinage decreased, official money did not increase, and private transactions lacked money, resulting in the use of ancient money. Fifty years after the Reign of Emperor Qianlong, baozhi and other bureaus were established one after another, and the standards for casting money were relaxed. As a result, the quality of making money in the later period of Emperor Qianlong was uneven and not as it had been before. In addition, during the Qianlong Dynasty, there was a "Qianlong Tongbao" red money in Xinjiang (also known as Poole money, "Poole" uyghur means money), which was made of copper produced in Xinjiang and cast in Xinjiang. After that, there were casting lines in each dynasty.          

         

道光通宝是清宣宗道光年间所铸,钱文“道光通宝”四字以楷书书写.从上而下而右而左直读,钱背是记有宝局二十名的满文。道光钱制作粗疏,大小不一,轻重悬殊,除宝泉、宝源局所铸形态稍整以外,其他省局所铸钱币质地均劣。道光通宝形制特点基本与嘉庆钱相同,所不同者只是新疆际克苏、库车因缺少黄铜而开始铸折五当十升值平钱,这是清代虚值大钱的滥觞。道光通宝只少数钱背有星月纹以及记地、记年、记值的汉字,但却不多见。

Daoguang Tongbao was cast during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong Daoguang of the Qing Dynasty. The four characters of "Daoguang Tongbao" in Qian Wen are written in regular script. It is read directly from top to bottom, right and left, and the back of Qian is Manchu with 20 names in the treasure Bureau. Daoguang coins are poorly made. They vary in size and weight. Except Baoquan and Baoyuan bureaus, the coins cast by other provincial bureaus are of poor quality. The shape and characteristics of Daoguang Tongbao are basically the same as those of Jiaqing money. The only difference is that jikesu and Kuqa in Xinjiang began to cast and discount five Dang and ten appreciation flat money due to the lack of brass, which is the origin of virtual big money in the Qing Dynasty. Daoguang Tongbao only a few coins have star and moon patterns on their backs and Chinese characters that remember places, years and values, but they are rare.

       

此组清代钱币:乾隆通宝,字从上而下而右而左直读,钱背文字沿雍正满文钱式穿孔左边有"宝"字,穿孔右边铸有各局名。乾隆通宝”版式很多,钱文方面京局的多用宋体,宝浙局多用楷书,宝陕、宝川两局用隶书,但大多数地方钱局用宋体。新疆红钱部分局背满文,其他则背维文和满文。少数钱背有星、汉字,又有记年,记值,合背,吉语等钱。乾隆常见的共有二十二个铸局,新疆红钱有六个铸局。

This group of Qing Dynasty coins: Qianlong Tongbao, the word from top to bottom and right and left read straight, money back text along the Yongzheng Manwenqian style perforation left side of the word "treasure", the right side of the perforation cast the name of each bureau. Qianlong Tongbao "style is a lot, Qian Wen in the Beijing Bureau more Song style, Baozhe more regular script, Baoshan, Baochuan two bureau with official script, but most local money bureau with Song style. The Xinjiang Red Money Branch Bureau memorized Manchu, while others memorized Uighur and Manchu. A small number of money back stars, Chinese characters, and remember the year, value, combined back, auspicious words and other money. There are 22 casting bureaus common in Qianlong, and there are six casting bureaus in Xinjiang Red Money。

           

道光通宝,藏品保存较好,其色泽自然,不论是文字还是图案,都显得自然细腻,深浅合适。圆形方孔铜质钱币,其形状外发天,内地法,取义精宏。期于战国后期,铜钱是把宝之一,象征富贵,辟邪。其色泽光鲜自然、纹饰深浅适度、外型美观、品相较好。虽然经历岁月的无情洗礼,但仍然保存完好,钱文、轮廓的清晰程度较好,属于古钱中的佳品,具有很高的历史价值、艺术价值和收藏价值

Daoguang Tongbao. The collection is well preserved and its color is natural. Both characters and patterns appear natural and delicate, with appropriate depth. Copper coins with round square holes are shaped from the outside to the outside. They are based on the inland method and take the essence and macro meaning. In the late Warring States period, copper coin was one of the treasures, symbolizing wealth and warding off evil spirits. It has bright and natural color, moderate depth of decoration, beautiful appearance and good appearance. Despite the merciless baptism of years, it is still well preserved. The clarity of money text and outline is good. It is a good product in ancient money and has high historical value, artistic value and collection value.

收藏价值:

古钱币乃是我国重要的文物之一,通过银铜机制币的研究了解,可反映出我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,且像这种乾隆通宝处于特殊的历史时代背景,更是值得收藏与研究。也正是这历史银河中组成的重要部分。就其特定的历史时期也使它在钱币史上占据着重要的地。而且材质珍贵,艺术价值高,由贵重金属或白银合金铸造,制作精美,图案考究,文字清秀,内容丰富,银光灿烂,其貌可人,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。

Ancient coins are one of the important cultural relics in our country. Through the study of silver and copper machine coinage, we can reflect the rise and fall and vicissitudes of our modern history, economy and finance. And like this kind of Qianlong Tongbao in the special historical background, is worth collecting and studying. It is also an important part of the composition of this historical galaxy. Its specific historical period also makes it occupy an important place in the history of currency. And the material is precious, the art value is high, by precious metal or silver alloy casting, the production is exquisite, the pattern is exquisite, the text is comely, the content is rich, the silver is brilliant, its appearance is lovely, also has certain value preservation and appreciation function.

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